• Startles in response to sudden, loud noises
  • 2-3 months: begins to laugh and make sounds like “agoo” and “coo”
  • Watches your face when you speak
  • 4-6 months: babbles with different sounds like “bababa” or “muhmuhmuh”

  • Doesn’t smile or interact (0-3 mo)
  • Doesn’t Babble (4-7 mo)

0-6 Months

7-12 Months

  • Responds to own name & understands “no”
  • Takes turns making sounds with caregiver
  • Looks for a familiar object when asked (“Where’s your bottle?”)
  • Begins to respond to requests of “Come here!” or “Want more?”
  • Uses 1-5 words consistently by 12 months even if the word isn’t clear (“ba” for “ball”)
  • Makes few sounds Doesn’t use gestures (waving, pointing)
  • Understands and responds to simple questions (“Where’s Daddy?”)
  • Follows simple commands (“Get your shoes”)
  • Points to a few body parts, familiar people, and objects when asked
  • Uses 10-20 words consistently
  • Says only a few words (18 mo)
  • Doesn’t follow simple directions (1-2 years)

13-18 Months

19-24 Months

  • Follows two step directions (“Get your coat and take it to Mommy”)
  • Uses most of these sounds: b, m, p, n, t, d, k, g, f, ng, s, w, h
  • Puts two words together (“more milk”, “hi daddy”)
  • Not forming 2 word phrases (”hi, daddy” or “mommy shoe”)
  • Identifies body parts
  • Carries on ‘conversation’ with self and dolls
  • Asks “what’s that?” And “where’s my?”
  • Uses 2-word negative phrases such as “no want”.
  • Forms some plurals by adding “s”; book, books
  • Gives first name, holds up fingers to tell age
  • Understands simple time concepts: “last night”, “tomorrow”
  • Tries to get adult attention: “watch me”
  • Likes to hear same story repeated
  • Talks to other children as well as adults
  • Solves problems by talking instead of hitting or crying
  • Answers “where” questions
  • Names common pictures and things
  • Uses short sentences like “me want more” or “me want cookie”
  • Matches 3-4 colors, knows big and little
  • Doesn’t understand simple instructions.
  • Doesn’t speak in sentences.
  • Doesn’t make eye contact.

2-3 Years

3-4 years

  • Can tell a story
  • Has a sentence length of 4-5 words
  • Has a vocabulary of nearly 1000 words
  • Names at least one color
  • Understands “yesterday,” “summer”, “lunchtime”, “tonight”, “little-big”
  • Begins to obey requests like “put the block under the chair”
  • Knows his or her last name, name of street on which he/she lives and several nursery rhymes
  • Shows no interest in interactive games or make-believe. Ignores other children or doesn’t respond to people outside the family. Doesn’t understand “same” and “different.” Doesn’t use “me” and “you” correctly.
  • Has sentence length of 4-5 words
  • Uses past tense correctly
  • Has a vocabulary of nearly 1500 words
  • Points to colors red, blue, yellow and green
  • Identifies triangles, circles and squares
  • Understands “In the morning” , “next”, “noontime”
  • Can speak of imaginary conditions such as “I hope”
  • Asks many questions, asks “who?” And “why?”
  • Doesn’t ask questions that start with “who,” “what,” “where,” “when,” and “why”. Doesn’t understand stories or tell simple stories. Doesn’t follow three-step directions, like “Go to get your crayons, sit down at the table, and draw a picture.” Doesn’t use sentences with five or more words

4- 5 Years

Information adapted from

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8007 NW 122nd St. 
Oklahoma City, OK 73142


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